Magnetic field amplification in cosmological zoom simulations from dwarf galaxies to galaxy groups

Voices Powered byElevenlabs logo
Connected to paperThis paper is a preprint and has not been certified by peer review

Magnetic field amplification in cosmological zoom simulations from dwarf galaxies to galaxy groups


Ruediger Pakmor, Rebekka Bieri, Freeke van de Voort, Maria Werhahn, Azadeh Fattahi, Thomas Guillet, Christoph Pfrommer, Volker Springel, Rosie Y. Talbot


Magnetic fields are ubiquitous in the Universe. Recently, cosmological simulations of galaxies have successfully begun to incorporate magnetic fields and their evolution in galaxies and their haloes. However, so far they have mostly focused on Milky Way-like galaxies. Here we analyse a sample of high resolution cosmological zoom simulations of disc galaxies in haloes with mass $M_\mathrm{200c}$ from $10^{10}\,\mathrm{M}_\odot$ to $10^{13}\,\mathrm{M}_\odot$, simulated with the Auriga galaxy formation model. We show that with sufficient numerical resolution the magnetic field amplification and saturation is converged. The magnetic field strength reaches equipartition with turbulent energy density for galaxies in haloes with $M_\mathrm{200c}\gtrsim 10^{11.5}\,\mathrm{M_\odot}$. For galaxies in less massive haloes, the magnetic field strength saturates at a fraction of equipartition that decreases with decreasing halo mass. For our lowest mass haloes, the magnetic field saturates significantly below $10\%$ of equipartition. We quantify the resolution we need to obtain converged magnetic field strengths and discuss our resolution requirements also in the context of the IllustrisTNG cosmological box simulations. We show that, at $z=0$, rotation-dominated galaxies in our sample exhibit for the most part an ordered large scale magnetic field, with fewer field reversals in more massive galaxies. Finally, we compare the magnetic fields in our cosmological galaxies at $z=0$ with simulations of isolated galaxies in a collapsing halo setup. Our results pave the way for detailed studies of cosmic rays and other physical processes in similar cosmological galaxy simulations that crucially depend on the strength and structure of magnetic fields.

Follow Us on


Add comment