Comprehensive network modeling approaches unravel dynamic enhancer-promoter interactions across neural differentiation

Avatar
Poster
Voices Powered byElevenlabs logo
Connected to paperThis paper is a preprint and has not been certified by peer review

Comprehensive network modeling approaches unravel dynamic enhancer-promoter interactions across neural differentiation

Authors

DeGroat, W.; Inoue, F.; Ashuach, T.; Yosef, N.; Ahituv, N.; Kreimer, A.

Abstract

Background Increasing evidence suggests that a substantial proportion of disease-associated mutations occur in enhancers, regions of non-coding DNA essential to gene regulation. Understanding the structures and mechanisms of regulatory programs this variation affects can shed light on the apparatuses of human diseases. Results We collected epigenetic and gene expression datasets from seven early time points during neural differentiation. Focusing on this model system, we constructed networks of enhancer-promoter interactions, each at an individual stage of neural induction. These networks served as the base for a rich series of analyses, through which we demonstrated their temporal dynamics and enrichment for various disease-associated variants. We applied the Girvan-Newman clustering algorithm to these networks to reveal biologically relevant substructures of regulation. Additionally, we demonstrated methods to validate predicted enhancer-promoter interactions using transcription factor overexpression and massively parallel reporter assays. Conclusions Our findings suggest a generalizable framework for exploring gene regulatory programs and their dynamics across developmental processes. This includes a comprehensive approach to studying the effects of disease-associated variation on transcriptional networks. The techniques applied to our networks have been published alongside our findings as a computational tool, E-P-INAnalyzer. Our procedure can be utilized across different cellular contexts and disorders.

Follow Us on

0 comments

Add comment