Molecular Identification of Echinococcus spp. and other Taeniid Tapeworms Using Next Generation Sequence Analysis of PCR Amplified 18s rRNA gene

Avatar
Poster
Voices Powered byElevenlabs logo
Connected to paperThis paper is a preprint and has not been certified by peer review

Molecular Identification of Echinococcus spp. and other Taeniid Tapeworms Using Next Generation Sequence Analysis of PCR Amplified 18s rRNA gene

Authors

Abbasi, I.; Abu-Helu, R.; Kokaly, G.; Nojoum, S.; Matouk, I.; Ibrahim, M.

Abstract

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a prevalent zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus, with cosmopolitan distribution. The parasite is transmitted cyclically between canines and numerous intermediate herbivorous livestock animals. Also other taeniid tapeworm could infect domestic dogs and they pose significant veterinary and public health concerns worldwide. This study aimed to develop a sensitive molecular method for detecting Echinococcus spp. DNA in dog fecal samples using next-generation sequencing (NGS). A set of PCR primers targeting conserved regions of Taeniid tapeworms\' 18s rRNA genes was designed and tested for amplifying genomic DNA from various tapeworm species. The PCR system demonstrated high sensitivity, amplifying DNA from all tested tapeworm species, with differences observed in amplified band sizes. The primers were adapted for NGS analysis by adding forward and reverse adapters, enabling sequencing of amplified DNA fragments. Application of the developed PCR system to dog fecal samples collected from Yatta town, Palestine, revealed the presence of E. granulosus DNA in five out of 50 samples. NGS analysis confirmed the specificity of the amplified DNA fragments, showing 98-99% similarity with the 18s rDNA gene of E. granulosus. This study demonstrates the utility of NGS-based molecular methods for accurate and sensitive detection of Echinococcus spp. in dog fecal samples, providing valuable insights for epidemiological surveillance and control programs of echinococcosis in endemic regions.

Follow Us on

0 comments

Add comment