Negative regulation of APC/C activation by MAPK-mediated attenuation of Cdc20Slp1 under stress

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Negative regulation of APC/C activation by MAPK-mediated attenuation of Cdc20Slp1 under stress

Authors

Sun, L.; Chen, X.; Shi, W.; Song, C.; Liu, L.; Bai, S.; Wang, X.; Chen, J.; Jiang, C.; Wang, S.-m.; Luo, Z.-q.; Wang, Y.; Jin, Q.-w.

Abstract

Mitotic anaphase onset is a key cellular process tightly regulated by multiple kinases. The involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in this process has been established in Xenopus egg extracts. However, the detailed regulatory cascade remains elusive, and also it is unknown whether the MAPKs-dependent mitotic regulation is evolutionarily conserved in the single cell eukaryotic organism such as fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe). Here we show that two MAPKs in S. pombe indeed act in concert to restrain anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) activity upon activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). One MAPK, Pmk1, binds and phosphorylates Slp1Cdc20, the co-activator of APC/C. Phosphorylation of Slp1Cdc20 by Pmk1, but not by Cdk1, promotes its subsequent ubiquitylation and degradation. Intriguingly, Pmk1-mediated phosphorylation event is also required to sustain SAC under environmental stress. Thus, our study establishes a new underlying molecular mechanism of negative regulation of APC/C by MAPK upon stress stimuli, and provides an unappreciated framework for regulation of anaphase entry in eukaryotic cells.

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