Different orthology inference algorithms generate similar predicted orthogroups among Brassicaceae species

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Different orthology inference algorithms generate similar predicted orthogroups among Brassicaceae species

Authors

Liao, I. T.; Sears, K. E.; Hileman, L. C.; Nikolov, L. A.

Abstract

Orthology inference is crucial for comparative genomics, and multiple algorithms have been developed to identify putative orthologs for downstream analyses. Despite the abundance of proposed solutions, including publicly available benchmarks, it is difficult to assess which tool to best use for plant species, which commonly have complex genomic histories. We explored the performance of four orthology inference algorithms: OrthoFinder, SonicParanoid, Broccoli, and OrthNet, on eight Brassicaceae genomes in two groups: one group comprising only diploids and another set comprising the diploids, two mesopolyploids, and one recent hexaploid genome. Orthogroup compositions reflect the species\'s ploidy and genomic histories. Additionally, the diploid set had a higher proportion of identical orthogroups. While the diploid+higher ploidy set had a lower proportion of orthogroups with identical compositions, the average degree of similarity between the orthogroups was not different from the diploid set. Three algorithms, OrthoFinder, SonicParanoid, and Broccoli, are helpful for initial orthology predictions. Results from OrthNet were generally an outlier but could provide detailed information about gene colinearity. With our Brassicaceae dataset, slight discrepancies were found across the orthology inference algorithms, necessitating additional analyses, such as tree inference to fine-tune results.

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