An atlas of expressed transcripts in the prenatal and postnatal human cortex

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An atlas of expressed transcripts in the prenatal and postnatal human cortex


Bamford, R.; Leung, S. K.; Chundru, V. K.; Jeffries, A. R.; Davies, J.; Franklin, A.; Chen, X.; McQuillin, A.; Bass, N.; APEX Consortium, ; Walker, E.; ONeill, P. A.; Pishva, E.; Dempster, E.; Hannon, E.; Wright, C.; Mill, J.


Alternative splicing is a post-transcriptional mechanism that increases the diversity of expressed transcripts and plays an important role in regulating gene expression in the developing central nervous system. We used long-read transcriptome sequencing to characterise the structure and abundance of full-length transcripts in the human cortex from donors aged 6 weeks post-conception to 83 years old. We identified thousands of novel transcripts, with dramatic differences in the diversity of expressed transcripts between prenatal and postnatal cortex. A large proportion of these previously uncharacterised transcripts have high coding potential, with corresponding peptides detected in proteomic data. Novel putative coding sequences are highly conserved and overlap de novo mutations in genes linked with neurodevelopmental disorders in individuals with relevant clinical phenotypes. Our findings underscore the potential of novel coding sequences to harbor clinically relevant variants, offering new insights into the genetic architecture of human disease. Our cortical transcript annotations are available as a resource to the research community via an online database.

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