Active E. coli heteromeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase forms polymorphic helical tubular filaments

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Active E. coli heteromeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase forms polymorphic helical tubular filaments

Authors

Xu, X.; Silva de Sousa, A.; Boram, T. J.; Jiang, W.; Lohman, J. R.

Abstract

The Escherichia coli heteromeric acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) has four subunits assumed to form an elusive catalytic complex and are involved in allosteric and transcriptional regulation. The E. coli ACC represents almost all ACCs from pathogenic bacteria making it a key antibiotic development target to fight growing antibiotic resistance. Furthermore, it is a model for cyanobacterial and plant plastid ACCs as biofuel engineering targets. Here we report the catalytic E. coli ACC complex surprisingly forms tubes rather than dispersed particles. The cryo-EM structure reveals key protein-protein interactions underpinning efficient catalysis and how transcriptional regulatory roles are masked during catalysis. Discovering the protein-protein interaction interfaces that facilitate catalysis, allosteric and transcriptional regulation provides new routes to engineering catalytic activity and new targets for drug discovery.

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