Ferroptosis regulates hemolysis in stored murine and human red blood cells

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Ferroptosis regulates hemolysis in stored murine and human red blood cells


D'Alessandro, A.; Keele, G. R.; Hay, A.; Nemkov, T.; Earley, E. J.; Stephenson, D.; Vincent, M.; Deng, X.; Stone, M.; Dzieciatkowska, M.; Hansen, K.; Kleinman, S.; Spitalnik, S. L.; Roubinian, N.; Norris, P. J.; Busch, M. P.; Page, G. P.; Stockwell, B. R.; Churchill, G. A.; Zimring, J. C.


Red blood cell (RBC) metabolism regulates hemolysis during aging in vivo and in the blood bank. Here, we leveraged a diversity outbred mouse population to map the genetic drivers of fresh/stored RBC metabolism and extravascular hemolysis upon storage and transfusion in 350 mice. We identify the ferrireductase Steap3 as a critical regulator of a ferroptosis-like process of lipid peroxidation. Steap3 polymorphisms were associated with RBC iron content, in vitro hemolysis, and in vivo extravascular hemolysis both in mice and 13,091 blood donors from the Recipient Epidemiology and Donor evaluation Study. Using metabolite Quantitative Trait Loci analyses, we identified a network of gene products (FADS1/2, EPHX2 and LPCAT3) - enriched in donors of African descent - associated with oxylipin metabolism in stored human RBCs and related to Steap3 or its transcriptional regulator, the tumor protein TP53. Genetic variants were associated with lower in vivo hemolysis in thousands of single-unit transfusion recipients.

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