The structure of the SufS-SufE complex reveals interactions driving protected persulfide transfer in iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis

Avatar
Poster
Voices Powered byElevenlabs logo
Connected to paperThis paper is a preprint and has not been certified by peer review

The structure of the SufS-SufE complex reveals interactions driving protected persulfide transfer in iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis

Authors

Gogar, R. K.; Chhikara, N.; Vo, M.; Gilbert, N. C.; Dunkle, J. A.; Frantom, P. A.

Abstract

Fe-S clusters are critical cofactors for redox chemistry in all organisms. The cysteine desulfurase, SufS, provides sulfur in the SUF Fe-S cluster bioassembly pathway. SufS is a dimeric, PLP-dependent enzyme that uses cysteine as a substrate to generate alanine and a covalent persulfide on an active site cysteine residue. SufS enzymes are activated by an accessory transpersulfurase protein, either SufE or SufU depending on the organism, which accepts the persulfide product and delivers it to downstream partners for Fe-S assembly. Here, using E. coli proteins, we present the first X-ray crystal structure of a SufS/SufE complex. There is a 1:1 stoichiometry with each monomeric unit of the EcSufS dimer bound to one EcSufE subunit, though one EcSufE is rotated ~7{degrees} closer to the EcSufS active site. EcSufE makes clear interactions with the 16 helix of EcSufS and site-directed mutants of several 16 residues were deficient in EcSufE binding. Analysis of the EcSufE structure showed a loss of electron density at the EcSufS/EcSufE interface for a flexible loop containing the highly conserved residue R119. An R119A EcSufE variant binds EcSufS but is not active in cysteine desulfurase assays and fails to support Fe-S cluster bioassembly in vivo. 35S-transfer assays suggest that R119A EcSufE can receive a persulfide, suggesting the residue may function in a release mechanism. The structure of the EcSufS/EcSufE complex allows for comparison with other cysteine desulfurases to understand mechanisms of protected persulfide transfer across protein interfaces.

Follow Us on

0 comments

Add comment